Recommended tours Thai Binh
Thái Bình (or Thaibinh; Han Tu: 太平) is a coastal eastern province in the Red River Delta region of Vietnam, named after the Vietnamese name for the Pacific Ocean: Thái Bình Dương.
It is about 18 km from Nam Ðịnh, 70 km from Hải Phòng, and 110 km from Hà Nội. Thái Bình has a city called Thai Binh city (Thành phố Thái Bình) and seven districts: Quỳnh Phụ, Hưng Hà, Thái Thụy, Ðông Hưng, Vũ Thư, Kiến Xương and Tiền Hải.
1. Geography and Natural Resources
Thai Binh locates in the Hong (Red) river delta. The province is close to the northern focus economic triangle Hanoi - Hai Phong - Quang Ninh and it is also a commercial exchange gate between Hai Phong, Quang Ninh and coastal provinces across the country.
Covering an area of 1,542.24 km2, Thai Binh makes up 0.5 percent of total area of Vietnam. The province borders on the Gulf of Tonkin in the east, Nam Dinh and Ha Nam provinces in the west and southwest and Hai Duong, Hung Yen and Hai Phong City in the north.
The province is surrounded by a close system of seas and rivers with coastal line of more than 50 km long, which is an advantageous environment for the development of trade on sea and tourism.
Thai Binh has 1 city and 7 districts divided into 284 communes, wards and towns.
Locating on the edge of the tropical climatic zone, Thai Binh has annual average temperature of 23 - 240C, average rainfall of between 1,400 mm and 1,800 mm and humidity of about 85-90 percent. From May to the end of October, it is always rainy and hot while the weather from November to April next year is dry.
Thai Binh possesses fertile land. The convenient irrigational system has partly helped build up paddy fields yielding 14-15 tons/ha. Total natural land across the province is 153,596 ha, of which 94,187 ha is under cultivation. Farmers can cultivate 3-4 crops in one year. Soil in Thai Binh is also good for the plantation of foodstuff and industrial plants of short life, tropical fruit trees, flowers, etc.
Possessing three kinds of water, namely salty water (covering 17 km2), brackish water (covering about 20,705 ha) and fresh water (covering 9,256 ha), Thai Binh has high potential for aquatic products.
In Thai Binh exists Tien Hai Gas Mine reaching annual average exploitation output of tens millions of cubic meters used to make porcelain products, glass-wear, tile, white cement, etc. In 2003, the state-run oil and gas corporation PetroVietnam exploded offshore in preparations for exploitation of gas offshore Gulf of Tonkin.
Tien Hai mineral water mine is at the depth of 450 meters with reserve of about 12 million m3. Tien Hai mineral water is highly appreciated by both domestic and foreign consumers.
Recently, a mine of hot water was discovered in Duyen Hai commune, Hung Ha district at the depth of 50 meters (hot water of 570C) and at the depth of 178 meters (hot water of 720C).
Thai Binh has certain potentials for tourism development, especially ecological tourism. Coming to Thai Binh, tourists can enjoy themselves in Dong Chau sea, visit mangrove forests and islands where live many precious and rare kinds of birds, including kinds in danger of extinction and listed in the red book of the World Organization for Bird Protection.
Thai Binh is famous for cultural relics and heritages classified, for example, the relic area of Tran Temple, the ancestral temple Le Quy Don, Keo pagoda, etc., nearly 82 traditional festivals, 16 kinds of dances and games. Besides, Thai Binh is known by well-established craft villages like Dong Xam embossing village, An Le mat village, Nam Cao tussore weaving village, Minh Lang embroidering village and Thuong Hien rattan and bamboo village, etc.
Thai Binh also has gardens` villages, especially Bach Thuan village. The village is like a small park with gardens of fruit trees, etc., and ponds for fishing.
5. Human Resource
Thai Binh has population of 1.8 million persons, of which 94.2 percent is rural population and 5.8 percent is urban population. Labor force is 1.73 million persons. Of which, 74.3 percent is working in agriculture and forestry, 17 percent working in industry and construction and 8.7 percent working in trade service.
The number of laborers taking part in training courses made up 23.5 percent of labor force. Annually, there are about 19,999 persons graduating from high junior schools.
The system of roads and waterway in Thai Binh has long established and developed faster than the whole country. The province possesses a total of 5,614 km of roads, including 98 km of national roads and 312 km of provincial roads. The rest is rural roads.
Thai Binh has the Diem Dien National Seaport from which 600 tonnage ships can enter and depart. In the second stage of the project, the seaport will be expanded and improved
Thai Binh is among provinces and cites ranking first in the development of electricity system. 100 percent of communes in Thai Binh is provided with electricity and 98 percent of rural households are accessed to electricity. The improved system of electricity in Thai Binh province can satisfy demand for electricity in years ahead.
The province has been investing in construction of plants supplying pure and safe water. The water plant in Thai Binh city provides about 30,000 m3/day. In towns and districts, water plants are being built. Some communes have had small-scaled water plants and many households in the province have been approached to pure water extracted from drilling well Unicef.
9. Posts and Telecommunication
The system of posts and telecommunication in Thai Binh has been improved towards increasing scales and modernizing all fields. Currently, in all centers of districts, city and economic sub-regions, digital switchboards have been installed. 100 percent of communes have had telephones. Postage services like express, 1080, attorney postage, post savings, messages, mobile cards, the Internet, etc., are served well, safely and effectively.
10. Finance and Banking
The provincial state bank undertakes the function of state management of money and banking while credit branches, including Incombank branch, BIDV branch, Agribank branch, the central people`s credit fund branch and 76 local people`s credit funds, conduct trade in money and provide banking services.
11. Training and Education Establishments
In Thai Binh, there exists the Medical University, the Teacher`s College, the Quynh Coi Agriculture Middle School, vocational centers, etc. Vocational schools in the province are being improved to satisfy the process of socio-economic development in the province.
Main attraction in Thai Binh province:
- Keo pagoda
- Dong Bang Temple
- Dong Xam Temple
- Tien La temple
- Tran Dynasty historical zone
- Dong Chau beach
- Bach Thuan garden village
- Traditional craft villages
- Dong Xam silver embossing village
- Hoi sedge mat weaving village
- Minh Lang embroidery village
- Tussore, silk and fabric weaving village
- Nguyen Xa craft village
- Thái Bình Provincial Museum